The bottom relief was determined and the depth at the site was measured. It's time to choose the bait for carp fishing. To catch carp, you can use bait as an edible, and artificial bait. Lures for carp fishing can be divided into living, vegetable, artificial inorganic and bait of special preparation.
Live baits are a worm, various larvae and so on. By their nature, they are very soft, on the hook are kept poorly. With force cast all flies. The solutions to this problem can be different. For example, use a clip for live bait. The clip allows you to use not only animal baits, but also any small fractions. Creates a large enough bait, which small fish cannot take off or swallow. Many fishermen use the clip during the early spring.
Live bait is good for carp. Biomass of the worm contains 56-72% protein and 12% fat, plus amino acids and vitamins. A large larva and a worm are planted directly on the hair. Stop more bulky bait - silicone corn or a small boilie.
Vegetable baits are corn, tiger nut, peas and the like. On popular vegetable lures, fish are always well caught. The grain is worn directly on the hair by means of a broach. The number of grains on the hair can be any. Usually from one to five grains.
Artificial Inorganic Bait
Artificial inorganic baits are silicone corn, artificial granules, cork or foam ball and much more. Often artificial lure has a positive buoyancy. They are used in combination with others.
The most effective is the nozzle, which in the highest degree corresponds to the taste needs of carp. Very often the carp is caught on an artificial bait, such as a cork. Carp swallows such an unnatural object simply out of curiosity. So, besides the natural baits of carp, you can catch, using his natural desire to learn new things.
Catching carp only on artificial bait is not effective enough. I do not believe that carp can just swallow a piece of cork. This requires an incentive. Often in the role of it act flavors and colorings. With the help of them you can give the cork the look of a natural bait.
Bait of special preparation
Bait special preparation - boilies and pellets, pasta or dough. When using the latter, the hair is tied with a spring and the paste is kneaded around it. Boyles are a usual dough, which rolled in the form of a ball and welded. After heat treatment it hardens and the bait is inaccessible to small fish. This is theoretically. In practice, small bream and small carp are often found on the bed.
But this is more likely by accident, when a small fish "rolls" a Boyle on the bottom. As hardener in the production of a boiler, eggs and their derivatives (albumin, egg powder) are usually used. When heat-treated, egg white folds and the boil becomes hard. Modern boilies are complex chemical "bombs", on which carp is caught very well.
Boilies are floating and drowning. Used alone or in combination with a sinking lure. In a floating boilie produced at the factory, sometimes include crumb of plastic. Due to this, it acquires a positive buoyancy.
You can independently make a Boyle of this type by combining it with a foam insert or a cork ball. During production, boilies can be placed in a microwave oven. After that they will also acquire a positive buoyancy. You can still glue the cork ball with a batter and weld. There are many famous boilermakers: Richworth, Mainline, Nutrabaits, Dynamite baits, Solar, Nash.
How to choose boilies
How to choose boilies in the products on the market? Not always it is possible to make under the name. For example, "Strawberry" Richworth and the same "Strawberry" Dynamite baits - two different baits. You can follow the advice of more experienced fishermen or your own experience.
I can name three brands, which I consider the most effective boilies: Source Dynamite baits; Trigga Nutrabaits and Scopex squid plus robin red Nash. When using any of these boilies, the fishing efficiency is very high. But that's my personal opinion.
Practically on any boilies carp is caught. You have a field for experiments to understand which ones are better. The only advice: make purchases only in branded stores. Products under many cheap brands can bring disappointment.
Combinations of sinking and floating boilies are also very popular. You can make a boilie in the water weightless, thereby reducing the likelihood that the carp will feel unwell and spit out the bait. Simply floating boilies are also popular. There are many ways specially for them. Floating boil is ideal for catching on a "dirty" day.
There are many algae, leaves, branches and all that hooks can hook on. Many novice fishermen use Pop-up when fishing in a pond with a silted bottom. They think that it will be possible to catch carp with it, avoiding immersion of bait in silt. In fact, this is not so. Fight with silt should not be a bait, but a tackle.
Many fishermen make boilies themselves. Either based on the base mixes sold in stores, or from some products at hand. There are many recipes for making boilies. But the main difficulty lies in the fact that it is either impossible to find the right components, or they are very expensive.
In the manufacture of boilies used components such as fishmeal, semolina, flavor, natural extract, protein supplement and much more. It is difficult and long to make up your own recipe for boilies. Many refuse this way. But the one who goes to the end, gets great results.
You can use one of the recipes for making boilies, which I have tried for several years. The biggest trophy caught on them is a 14 kg carp. Sometimes my self-made boilies turned out to be out of competition. But more often branded boilies won a competition in efficiency.
Here is my recipe for boilies:
- Ground cake sunflower - 10 parts.
- Dry egg white (can be used instead of eggs, driving them into a dry mixture) - 3 parts.
- Milk powder - 3 parts.
Mix the ingredients and mix the dough out of them. I give him half an hour to settle. I roll balls and cook. You can use ground sunflower seeds.
I roll boilies with my hands, bringing them to the desired diameter, or I use a rolling table. To store such boilies is best in the freezer. Take as much fishing as you need.
The choice of bait is individual, on each pond there is a "leader". What a carp prefers on a particular day is difficult to say. It can be assumed that his preferences depend on the pressure, temperature of water and air, the acidity of the water, and its transparency.
I know for sure that the water temperature is not the determining factor in the carp's choice of bait taste. Rather, the temperature affects the spread of the attractant: the water is colder, the more difficult it is to work with vegetable baits.
Feeder for carp fishing
Often, the bait is delivered with a rocket or balls. You can use a feeder for this purpose. For feeder use a loose mixture with fractions of granules, grains, boilies. It is important that it is as good as possible. The currently offered many bait, unfortunately, are uncompetitive compared to the English loose mixtures of Swim stim Dynamite baits.
Many, once tried branded products for carp fishing, more from them do not refuse. The effectiveness of English bait, in my experience, is five times higher. When forming a mixture for the feeder a good result is the use of the liquid attractant Swim stim Dynamite baits instead of water. Mixing all the ingredients of the mixture for catching with the feeder "Method", moisten them with water or a special liquid. Band the feeder mixture and can catch.
Feeder must meet the following requirements:
- It is necessary that the rig with it be safe for carp.
- Feeder must be heavy enough to perform long casting.
- Only hook one leash with a hook.
The standard feeder for carp is a three-lobed type "Method". It differs from an ordinary feeder in that the center of gravity of it is offset. Therefore, opposite the load, you can safely push the hook into the mix. When the feeder is at the bottom, the hook always remains at the top. You can use the usual "spring", but often fish trivia confuses the leash in it. Therefore, the feeder "Method" is preferable.
Pay attention to the place where you catch the carp. If there is a lot of silt at the bottom, using a heavy feeder is less effective. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the structure of the bottom. So why not just use an easy feeder? The fact that carp fishing involves the use of mechanical alarms-plumb bobs (swinger). It is worth the fish to move the feeder from the place, as the line is stretched. The heavy swinger falls, signaling a bite.
I solve this problem by installing a very light swinger. But sometimes he does not save from false bites. When using the feeder, small carp is often caught. If there is a lot of small fish in the pond, do not use it. If the carp density is low and it is large, this is the ideal case for using the feeder.