A long-time dream of a fisherman is to have special, luminous fishing baits suitable for night fishing. Now it is actual due to the use of artificial luminous materials. The work done on the development of artificial light compositions gave a lot of interesting. Now in many fishing shops are on sale luminous fishing baits for different types of fish and various uses.
The fact that the light at night attracts animals and insects is known for a long time. Everyone knows how in the dark, summer night the light of a bright lamp flies butterflies, flies and other insects. Seamen see how at night in the sea quickly flying birds break about the ship's lights, attracted by light. The light of an electric lamp lowered into the water immediately evokes the approach of small water organisms and fish.
For a long time the inhabitants of the coast of the Mediterranean and Adriatic seas practiced night fishing on the light of bonfires. The fire was arranged on special sites of fishing vessels. This light managed to attract flocks of fish to the surface of the sea. Moving cautiously with such light to lure packs of fish to a place where it was easier to catch them. In many places all over the world even now it is practiced fishing at night to light campfires.
For the last decade successfully fishing for sprat fishing in the Caspian Sea has been successfully applied. On a bright underwater electric light (lamps of underwater lighting with a force of 1000 watts and more). But all these methods of night fishing apply only to commercial fishing. The use of similar techniques in simple fishing is difficult. You can still catch fish at night on a fishing rod. Used to do this, attracting the action of "cold light".
Many people had to see the rotten parts of trees gleaming in the darkness in the darkness. At night, we observe the glow of some species of insects. One of the wonderful "living lamps" is a firefly. But there are especially many luminous organisms in the sea. At night, some fish, jellyfish, various kinds of worms glow in the sea. The plankton shines. This is a cluster of small organisms, most of which serve as food for many species of fish.
On natural, luminous in the dark bait catch fishermen in some places at night the fish on the bait. For an amateur fisherman, it is not always possible to have natural luminous baits in the dark. For their replacement, artificial luminous substances are used. Light compositions in the dark give a greenish, phosphorescent glow. This glow well simulates the natural glow of organisms.
What are artificial luminous substances?
A few hundred years ago, a number of substances were discovered which, after preliminary illumination, can glow in the dark. Some of them kept the glow only a few seconds. Modern luminous materials have the ability to "afterglow" for several hours. The chemical composition with impurities of radium salts glows continuously for several years.
It does not require for their luminescence preliminary exposure to other sources of light. The phenomenon of accumulation-the storage of light and its subsequent emission-has been termed phosphorescence. The word phosphorescence comes from the Greek word "phosphorus", which means "light-bearing". Substances that can phosphoresce are called phosphors in science. In contrast to phosphorus, an element that glows in the air due to slow oxidation.
Phosphorescence is very similar to other phenomena of "cold light". The glow of living organisms, bacteria, the emission of a rarefied gas, when an electric current passes through it. The glow that occurs when a piece of sugar is split in the dark and others. All this is a phenomenon of "cold light" or "luminescence".
The duration of the processes of cold glow distinguish fluorescence - the phenomenon of luminescence. Occurring only during irradiation. Fluorescent substances are usually used with special sources of invisible ultraviolet light. Under the action of ultraviolet light, they glow in the dark. When these sources are turned off, the glow stops instantaneously.
Phosphorescent substances have a longer afterglow. Under the action of ultraviolet rays they shine like fluorescent substances. They can be excited to afterglow and other light sources. For example, daylight or conventional incandescent lamps.
Luminous paints and varnishes are made from a special synthesized powder. For fishing purposes, light compositions of constant action are very convenient. Thanks to the continuity of their glow. Great value limits their use in sport fishing. For normal fishing, time-lapse formulations are used to illuminate the bait and the float. They are made in chemical plants.
The light composition is a powder. To apply to the bait or float it must first be connected with a transparent and waterproof lacquer. This basis is transparent nitro lacquer. A good varnish can be made on its own, dissolving celluloid in a mixture of acetone and amyl acetate. Luminous varnish (paste) is made by mixing the luminous powder with the varnish.
Light compositions of temporary action have an afterglow of different duration. Glow of different colors - greenish, blue, red and others. For fishing baits, the best results are obtained by a greenish glow. It well imitates the natural glow of the marine organism. In some cases, the use of other colors may be successful. Dark surfaces must first be covered with white paint. Applied to a white background, the composition has a longer glow.
When using baits at night with temporary compositions, they should be periodically irradiated with electric light. It is enough to irradiate every 20-30 minutes with a regular flashlight. In the afternoon, the bait is charged instantly. This circumstance greatly facilitates the use of luminous bait on fishing in the evening. The effect of light composition on time does not decrease. Bait should be protected from mechanical damage. Do not bait for a long time in a very bright sun. Especially bait with a permanent composition.
How to apply a light composition to the bait
On metal bait, you should make a hollow by pressing or drilling, which are then filled with luminous paste. The hollow should be made deeper, with a diameter of 3-5 mm. Covering such baits with a continuous film of light composition is not recommended.
It is not necessary to achieve a particularly bright glow of baits. It should be taken into account that the fish have sharpened vision. They can see even a very weak glow. Excessive brightness of the bait cannot attract, but scare away the fish.
This is often not taken into account by fishermen for the first time using the light composition on fishing. The luminous bait that rotates works better. For example, a lure with a luminous worm that rotates as it moves in water. They better imitate the shine of a moving fish. Cause a toss and a snap of predatory fish.
Are all fish the same and are they always attracted by night light? No, not all and not always the same. Depending on the biological state of the fish, they sometimes have a desire for light, a desire to escape from it. There are fish that always react negatively to light. Among some fish, there was a lack of fear of light.
How and what kind of fish react to the radiation of light compositions while tested for a small number of species of fish. In the vast marine and freshwater reservoirs, about 2000 species of fish live. In the sea successfully operated luminous baits when catching salmon, salmon, cod, sea bass and other fish. In fresh water, pike-perch, burbot, pike and perch caught a good night.
Pike perch is most active in search of food at night. Therefore, fishing pike-perch at night on luminous baits is more effective than during the day. This has been tested many times. Zander is caught by spinning on ordinary and luminous baits.
Burbot is known as a night predator. It belongs to a fish that easily tolerates a low water temperature. Therefore, it is mobile and active in winter cold water. Most fish become very passive. Some of them fall into hibernation. Showing special activity in his night hunting, burbot energetically searches at night all the corners of the reservoir. Easily searches for small fish. Burbot voracious predator. Eating large amounts of fish and caviar brings great damage to fish stocks of the reservoir.
Pike is a particularly common predatory fish. Well attacks all spinning baits. Many times it was checked that the pike was caught at night on a luminous bait. Although there is an opinion that at night the pike does not feed. It is possible that the grip of a luminous lure at night is not caused by a feeling of hunger, but by an instinct to grasp a moving and shining object.
The absence of previously suitable for night fishing baits created the opinion that the pike was not caught at night. The successful use of luminous baits is refuted. Particularly successfully pike begin to be caught from the evening dawn, all night and in the pre-dawn twilight.
The massive use of luminous baits on fishing will reveal new interesting features of this method. It will make it possible to introduce more interest and fascination in sport fishing. Applying in addition to the usual fishing day - fishing at night.