Artificial fishing lures are divided into several types. Depending on the season, artificial fishing lures are divided into winter and summer species. There are types of bait lures intended for fishing specific species of fish. Pike, perch or bass. By the principle of work, artificial lures are divided into rotating and oscillating spoon-bait.
The main division into categories is the division according to the season of use. Winter and summer baits have a significant difference. Summer bait is designed for horizontal movement in water. Winter bait moves vertically. To perform horizontal wiring, you can use oscillating and rotating spoon-bait. In this regard, the species of summer spoon-baits are much larger than the winter ones.
The most common artificial lure is the wavering spoon. It simulates the movements of swimming fish. Attracts predatory fish. This bait can have a different mass and size. For catching predatory fish of small size in shallow water, a spoon-bait weighing 4-12 grams is used with a length of 32-40 mm. Large oscillating spoon-baits have a mass of 24 - 40 grams and a length of 70 - 120 mm. With their help, a large predatory fish is caught at a depth of 3 to 6 meters or more.
The oscillating spoon-bait is a metal plate. During the movement in the water column, it simulates a fish attracting a predator. On the one hand, the wavering spoon is equipped with a tee. On the other hand, it is attached to the fishing line through the swivel and winding ring.
The wavering spoon is used for a long time. Especially popular is this artificial bait when fishing in trolling. Today, the catalogs of lures contain a huge number of varieties of more modern baits.
But no modern innovations are able to displace the wavering spoon from the class of the most effective baits. Many famous fishermen use precisely wavering spoons. Many give them preference. Most of the fishermen's fans use a spinning spoon-bait.
There is an opinion that the effectiveness of an oscillating spoon-bait is related to the peculiarity of its movement under water. These movements are not similar to the behavior of live fish. They are more like the movement of a wounded or sick fish. It is known that such fish become the prey of predators.
Greater success can be achieved by applying a wavering spoon in the fall period. It is at this time of year that the predatory fish fat. She actively eats a variety of protein products.
Autumn fishing is quite effective when combining an oscillating and rotating spoon-bait. They can be placed at a distance of 100 - 150 millimeters from each other. This trick allows you to simulate the predator's pursuit of small fish. Pike or pike perch simply cannot help but interfere with this situation. Rush after the bait. They become the prey of a fisherman.
Among the popular vibrating spoon baits there are baits of Daiwa, Kuusamo, Kastmaster.
Such a lure equipped with rotating petals appeared later than the oscillating baits. They quickly gained popularity thanks to a number of objective advantages:
- Fishing with this artificial bait is much easier to master;
- With the help of a spinning spoon, you can catch not only predatory but also omnivorous fish;
- These baits are irreplaceable when catching small predators: perch, bass, trout, grayling;
- Versatility. The bait is equally effective for quiet water, on the flow and against it;
- Lightweight and compact.
Rotating spoon-baits possess excellent acoustical qualities. Rotating petals create noise in the water column. Attract fish. Frequency, type and power of noise depend on the shape of the petals.
Initially, fishermen making artificial baits paid maximum attention to the visual similarity of bait to predatory fish. In this regard, the very first spoon-baits were like natural fish.
After a while it turned out that predatory fish are attracted not by the external similarity of the bait with the natural prey of a predator but by the behavior of the bait in the water. The predatory fish react to sounds and waves created in the water by a moving bait. These waves and noises are caught by the lateral line of the predator. As it turned out, the appearance of the bait is of interest to the predator already at the final stage of the attack.
In connection with these manufacturers, baits began to produce spoons that do not imitate the appearance of natural prey. The bait is able to recreate the game of small fish. Spoon-baits, according to the principle of movement and construction, are divided into two main types. Rotating (equipped with a special petal) and oscillating (making oscillatory movements in the water).
The spinning spoon-bait appeared later than the wavering spoon among the artificial baits. They in a short time won high popularity among fishermen due to their high efficiency.
The rotation of the petal creates in the water oscillation and noise that attract the attention of predatory fish from a considerable distance. Type of noise their power and frequency are determined by the shape of the petal. This fact explains the great variety of types of rotating lures.
In the process of developing all new designs, the rotating spoon turned into a remarkable acoustic bait. It produces a much more powerful noise than a wobbler. Therefore, a rotating lure attracts a predator from a greater distance. It works effectively in dark conditions and in troubled waters.
During the rotation in the water, the petal of the spoon-bait creates a lifting force. Thanks to this, you can fish at any depth with the help of rotating lures. If necessary, you can perform very slow wiring. This kind of harness is preferred by some species of predatory fish.
Rotating spoon-baits can be supplemented by a wide variety of additional elements. Silicone fish, sinker, twister, fly and various elements against the hook.
The compactness of the spinning spoon allows for long and precise casting of the bait. The small size of this bait is popular with all predators. Rotating spoon-baits, depending on the design, can simulate not only small fish but also a variety of insects. This further extends the number of spinning fishing objects.
Spoon for water with fast current
To water bodies with a rapid current are mountain rivers. In fast flow conditions it is better to use an oscillating trolley. The faster the current and the deeper the pond the more streamlined and heavy it should be. In exceptional cases, you can use a small spinning spoon with a length of up to 40 millimeters. Its use is possible for the reason that the resistance force of such bait is small. Degree of penetration can be regulated by means of a load.
The use of a thin rotating spoon-baits of medium and large size on water bodies with strong currents is not recommended. In the process of wiring at an angle of less than 90 degrees to the flow or against it, the resistance force of the spoon-bait will be so great that the bait will start to plow the water surface.
To damp a similar spoon-bait for carrying out on a bottom the cargo of considerable weight is required. Performing casting bait will prove difficult. From all this we can conclude. The best bait in some situations is ineffective.
Biscuit for winter fishing
The bait for winter fishing is made in the form of a metal plate. Simulates a small fish. The main component determining the success of the winter fishing will be a lure. Rod in this case does not play a role, as in summer fishing.
It is very important that the winter bait perform in the water the right rhythmic movements. Disorderly movements attract predatory fish to a lesser extent. Predator quickly realizes that before him is not the object of his diet and something artificial.
Most often, baits for winter fishing are used for catching perch and pike perch. The best bait for this purpose is a small bait. The length is up to 25 millimeters and the width is up to 8 millimeters. The triple hook can be disguised using red thread. This color causes a predator a greater sense of aggression.
The length of the spoon-bait for winter pike fishing is about 40 - 60 millimeters. It is recommended to choose a thicker line. Some fishermen do not use a leash. It is believed that this makes the game more efficient.
In all cases, it is recommended to take a few spoon-baits to go fishing with them. Then you will have the opportunity to pick up the most suitable color on the spot. Predator preferences are determined by the degree of illumination and by many other reasons not fully understood.
Today in the fishing shops you can buy many artificial species of baits for fishing. The most popular such trademarks are for fishing HALCO, Rutilus, Kuusamo, Hali, Nils Master.